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GIS-Based Accessibility Analysis for Neighbourhood Parks: The Case of Cukurova District

The aim of this study was to investigate the adequacy of neighbourhood parks services in the Cukurova district in terms of accessibility, parks’ spatial distribution, the size of neighbourhood park areas and use intensity. Additionally, the aim was to identify spatial and planning principles to provide an optimum level of utilisation of neighbourhood parks. Firstly, the main determining standards relating to the size of neighbourhood park areas, population density and service areas were determined through literature searches and expert views. Secondly, after service area values had been assessed for every neighbourhood park, the service area was mapped using a GIS-based network analysis. As a result of the network analysis, it was estimated that 79 % of the study area consisted of residential areas, and the neighbourhood parks (34 units) constituted approximately 3 % of these residential areas. Spatial Plan Construction Regulations propose a service area of 500 m for neighbourhood parks, but there is no attention given to the minimum field size with respect to population density. When the assessment took into account this regulatory value of 500 m, neighbourhood parks’ accessibility reached 65 % in the Cukurova district. However, this rate dropped to approximately 30 % when the assessment looked at neighbourhood parks’ areas and population densities. Finally, it was shown that the Cukurova district form shows uneven distribution of neighbourhood parks in terms of park spatial sufficiency and accessibility potentials, and suggestions to enhance the service areas of neighbourhood were made according to its findings.

Autor / Author: Unal, Muge; Uslu, Cengiz; Cilek, Ahmet
Institution / Institution: Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey; Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey; Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey
Seitenzahl / Pages: 11
Sprache / Language: Englisch
Veröffentlichung / Publication: JoDLA − Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture, 1-2016
Tagung / Conference: Digital Landscape Architecture 2016 – Representing, Evaluating and Designing Landscapes: Digital Approaches
Veranstaltungsort, -datum / Venue, Date: Istanbul, Turkey 01-06-16 - 03-06-16
Schlüsselwörter (de):
Keywords (en): Neighbourhood park, accessibility, Geographical Information System (GIS), network analysis, Cukurova
Paper review type: Full Paper Review
DOI: doi:10.14627/537612006
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