Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture

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The Relationship Between the Pedestrian Lighting Environment and Perceived Safety

This study aims to examine people’s perceived nighttime safety in different pedestrian lighting environments. As discussed by Veitch & Newsham (2006), a behavioral science approach is adopted in this study to explore the lighting quality by testing people’s perceptions. The perceived safety (or fear of crime) is a different concept from actual crime. Perceived danger is found to be the prominent factor affecting people’s nighttime experience, and creates significant influence on their behaviors as it directly impacts people, elicits stress reactions, and puts constraints on their nighttime activities (Van Osch 2010). The primary research objectives of this study included identifying key attributes of lighting environments and examining their influence on people’s perceived safety. An online survey, including photos, was conducted with an aim to discover the environmental perceptions of the population on the Virginia Tech campus in the United States. A total of 24 photos were taken from different pedestrian nighttime settings on the Virginia Tech campus. The campus lighting fixtures shown in all photos have a uniform design. The photos were chosen based on the quality of the photographs in terms of image resolution, lack of blur, clarity, and composition. A statistical analysis was then performed. The findings from fifty two participants indicated that important lighting attributes influencing people’s perceived safety are identified as: lighting uniformity, facial recognition, concealment, and perceived brightness. The findings further indicate that some environmental context attributes, environmental perception attributes, and socio-demographic attributes, also significantly influence people’s perceived safety.

Autor / Author: Wu, Siyuan; Kim, Mintai
Institution / Institution: Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, USA; Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, USA
Seitenzahl / Pages: 10
Sprache / Language: Englisch
Veröffentlichung / Publication: JoDLA − Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture, 1-2016
Tagung / Conference: Digital Landscape Architecture 2016 – Representing, Evaluating and Designing Landscapes: Digital Approaches
Veranstaltungsort, -datum / Venue, Date: Istanbul, Turkey 01-06-16 - 03-06-16
Schlüsselwörter (de):
Keywords (en): Nightscape, lighting, perception
Paper review type: Full Paper Review
DOI: doi:10.14627/537612007
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